The projected territory was a part of the monastery village of Karacharova, which was located at the Ryazan road.
The territory under study was used mainly as agricultural and pasture lands; no settlements were found in these lands.
In the dissociated pasture lands of the village of Karacharova bordering Yauza construction of the Emperor’s residences started.
XIX - XX century — because of the railroad construction in the region a dense railroad and approach network was constructed, which stimulated development of large industrial facilities located along the Vladimir and Ryazan highway.
In the suburbs of Moscow beyond the Rogozhskaya frontier a French entrepreneur, Yuly Goujon, built small workshops which produced wire and on the basis of which one of the largest plants in the Central Russia was built.
Panorama of the plant in 1894
The pictures are provided by the museum of the “Serp & Molot” plant
Seven Martin furnaces were in operation at the plant, which melted more than 90 000 tons of steel a year; the company that time produced mainly simple iron, iron wire, nails, bolts etc.
For valiant labour during the first years and successful performance of governmental tasks the plant was awarded with the Order of Lenin.
In the the Great Patriotic War plant produced weapon for front line.
The company was the first in the world to develop the technology of applying oxygen for raising productivity of Martin steel, for which the group of scientists and workers of the plant were awarded the First Degree State Premium.
The plant’s entrance gate in the 1950s
The plant underwent global reconstruction, as a result of which it switched to production of high-quality products from heavily alloyed steel and stainless steel. In those years construction of industrial and warehousing premises continued.
For major success in production of high quality products, enhancement of technical and economic indicators based on the plant’s reconstruction and technical re-equipment, the personnel were awarded the Order of the October Revolution.
In the 1970s the plant underwent global reconstruction, as a result of which it switched to production of high-quality products from heavily alloyed steel and stainless steel.
the volume of the products manufactured by the plant was reduced.
Overall view of the plant, picture by Igor Zadurov
The Third Ring Road crossed the plant’s territory. The Moscow government started thinking how to use the enormous and practically abandoned territory of “Serp & Molot”, and various building projects were developed, though, never implemented.
The Moscow government made a resolution on reorganization of the plant’s production area, according to which it was separated into 12 parts. They included residential neighborhoods, multifunctional community areas, production and warehousing territories and the plant itself.